So, spell it out for your readers. Let them know what they should learn from your writing. One of the biggest faux pas that people make when writing their conclusion paragraph involves restating the thesis statement. Yes, you should return to your thesis statement. Unfortunately, many people choose to write their thesis statement verbatim from the introduction.


  • How to Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper?!
  • How to Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper.
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Your reader will recognize that the conclusion is a rehash of your thesis statement, which will leave a negative impression. This will undermine you as a writer and reduce your credibility on the subject. Summarizing your writing in the conclusion is one of the types that we discussed earlier. This type is the desirable way to end a really long essay. For shorter pieces, however, summarizing your writing is an overly simplistic way to end.

There are some conclusion types that may call for new information, especially posing a question for future study. However, the goal of your conclusion is to remind your readers of your main points and their significance. So as a general rule, just use the conclusion for emphasizing the main points of your paper.

In that essay, you presented an introduction with a solid thesis statement. Then, you went on to describe three main points to support your thesis. To complete your essay, you turn to your conclusion. Your conclusion should give you an opportunity to review all of the main points of your paper. If you choose to leave out the other two points in your conclusion paragraph, your readers are going to wonder why you even bothered including these points in your paper. Throughout your writing, your goal is to convince your readers that you are a credible source of information.

Research Paper Conclusion Writing Recommendations

To do this, you can employ facts, data, quotations, and more. However, all of the work to build your credibility will come crashing down if you make this common mistake with your conclusion paragraph. That mistake involves apologizing for any weaknesses in your writing.


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Some people make the decision to end their writing with an apology for any informational errors or faulty logic. Whatever the case may be, this leaves the reader questioning your credibility and the validity of your argument. If you feel the need to apologize for your work, you should probably work on revisions instead. Keep working on it until you feel confident sending your writing to your readers without having to apologize for anything. What tips do you have for writing an effective conclusion paragraph?

Tell us your ideas in the comments below. Become a better writer. In clearly-written sentences, you restate the thesis from your introduction but do not repeat the introduction too closely , make a brief summary of your evidence and finish with some sort of judgment about the topic.

How to Write the Thesis Introduction, Main Body and Conclusion Paragraph?

You can follow this basic pattern recipe for writing introduction paragraphs to help you get started. The conclusion to an essay is rather like a formal social farewell. For example, if an ASO consultant does a guest presentation at a lecture, it would be good practice to conclude the session by tying up the key points of the lecture and leave the students with a final message about the subject of the lecture:.

To conclude, students, you should now know how to apply the three main steps for analysing a question restatement main idea. If you identify the instruction words, the topic words and the restricting words accurately, this will provide you with a framework for building your essay plan summary of key points. Essays that are analysed accurately will have much greater success in answering the set question and assist you to get better marks statement of benefit.

Homework for me

A conclusion paragraph is very much tied to the introduction paragraph and the question that has been set see Question analysis workshop , and we use special terms to describe each stage of the conclusion. Click or hover over the conclusion paragraph to see an analysis of its structure and how the conclusion matches the set question. We can show this as a diagram. The triangle of the introduction is the opposite in the conclusion. It begins with the narrowest topic sentence 1 , then widens to the summary of key points of the argument in the essay sentence 2.

Figure 1: A pattern for conclusion paragraphs. Read the following question and the sample conclusion paragraph. The sentences are in the wrong order for a conclusion paragraph.

How to Write a Conclusion

Match the statements to the correct sentence type. Some students who enrol in university studies have difficulties with their writing skills. Discuss the reasons for this problem and critically assess the effectiveness of university intervention writing programs. The main causes of student difficulty appear to be that secondary school assessment has a different focus from university expectations and that universities are increasingly attracting mature age students who may require an update on their skills.

Writing a Conclusion