Title of the source. The article on global warming is part of the website of The New York Times. Therefore, this is the name of the container. There are no other contributors, versions or numbers. Only the relevant information is included for a whole book with a single author. If there are other contributors, editions or volumes, the citation should include these too.

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This journal article has three authors. There are no other contributors, and the publisher does not need to be included when citing a journal article. Begin each source entry with the name of the author s or creator s. The name of the first author is always inverted last name, first name. For example: Johnson, David.

MLA In Text Citation & Parenthetical Guide

Titles and suffixes such as PhD or Prof. If a source has no author, start the source entry with the title of the source. For example: Johnson, David, and Valerie Smith. Three or more authors Sources with three or more authors are shortened. For example: Johnson, David, et al. Organization as author The author of a source is not necessarily a person; it can also be an organization.

Automatic Bibliography Maker

If so, simply use the name of the organization. For example: Microsoft. Usernames When citing an online source such as a tweet, a Reddit comment or a YouTube video , the real name of the author or creator might be unknown. In this case, usernames can be cited instead.

MLA Useful Links

MLA author element. The second part of each source is the source title. This could be, for example, the title of a book, chapter, blog post, journal article, or YouTube video.

Always include the full title of the source, including subtitles separated from the title by a colon : and space. If no title is available , provide a short description of the source. The styling of the title Capitalize all words, aside from conjunctions, prepositions and articles. Titles can be italicized or put in quotation marks. It depends on whether the source you are citing is part of a bigger work.

MLA Format and MLA Citation - Writing Guide & Examples

Read more about this in our guide to MLA titles. MLA titles. For example: a chapter is part of a book, a page is part of a website, and an article is part of a journal. The title of the container is often the name of the website, book or journal. For example:. Elements three container title to nine location provide information about the container. This information helps your reader identify the original source. Sources with two containers A source can also have two containers.

If you found the episode of Breaking Bad on Netflix, Netflix would be the second container title. However, such tools can result in errors. Being able to cite a printed book is just a small glimpse into the MLA world. Among printed works, there are journals, newspapers, magazines, etc. The use of the web encompasses many more digital resources.

Each type of resource utilizes its own MLA format. Moreover, the website allows readers to explore APA formatting. If you would like to simply find a reliable, automatic citation machine, Citation Machine offers both styles of formatting in a user-friendly setup. Materials: The book being cited A writing utensil and piece of paper, or a computer with Word Estimated Completion Time: Less than 5 minutes For this Instructable, the book being used is The Wedding by Julie Garwood and the citation will be on a Word document.

Add Teacher Note. If the author's name is unknown, skip to Step 2. If Step 1 was skipped, this piece of information will begin your citation. Italicize the title and end with a period. If the city is not listed in your book, skip to Step 4. This includes the title of the internet site, the editor of the site if given , the date of electronic publication if given , and the sponsoring institution or organization.

Also, be sure to include the date accessed and the URL.

MLA In-Text Citations (8th ed.)

Last, First M. City: Publisher, Year Published.

Website Title. Day Month Year Accessed. James, Henry. The Ambassadors. Rockville: Serenity, Google books. Bodnar, Kipp, and Jeffrey L. Google Books. Database Name. Date Month Year Accessed. Morem, Susan.