Students often lose valuable marks by failing to structure their essays clearly and concisely to make the best of their ideas.

How to structure an essay

First, consider what an essay is. What is it supposed to do? At its core an essay is simply an argument. Rather, we are talking about a formal argument. Imagine the following scenario: you feel the time has come to approach your boss about getting a raise at work.

Almost automatically, your mind formulates a rhetorical structure.

4 Types of Essays to Keep in Mind: Basic Categories of Academic Essays

There are effective and ineffective ways of asking of making such a request. The effective strategy will have a logic and an order. You will firstly claim that you deserve a raise. And you will give evidence to support why you deserve that raise.

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For example: you are a hard worker, you are never late, you have the admiration and respect of your colleagues, you have been offered another position elsewhere and you want the pay matched. And so on.

And you would probably wrap up your discussion with an overview of of why giving you more money is important. And that is fundamentally an essay. Every good essay has three basic parts: an introduction, a body, and a conclusion.

This simple guide will show you how to perfect your essay structure by clearly introducing and concluding your argument, and laying out your paragraphs coherently in between. Your essay writing can be dramatically improved overnight simply by using the correct essay structure, as explained below. When you are writing an essay , every sentence and every paragraph is important.

But there is something extra important about introductions. Just like going out on a date for the first time, you want the introduction to be just right, almost perfect. You want to put your best self forward and create a great first impression. You should already know this, but most professors and instructors will start grading your work in their head as soon as they begin reading it.

And most will have some notion of where your essay falls on that scale before they even finish the introduction. It will be the rarest of markers who withholds judgement until the end. The introduction is something you absolutely must start strong. Always develop an introduction that clearly sets out the aims of what you are about to write and, if applicable, refers to the subject under investigation.

State what the essay will try to achieve and briefly mention some of the main points you will consider. The idea is to give the marker an overview of your argument, to show that your thought process is logical and coherent and that you have carefully thought the question through.

Writing Effective Purpose Statements

Think of your introduction as a thumbnail picture of the whole essay. Anyone, but especially the marker, should know the essay subject and how you intend to prove or disprove it, just from having read just the introduction. You have been given this assignment: The main purpose of Gothic fiction is to break normal moral and social codes. It is certainly true that many works of Gothic fiction manifest the transgression of normal moral and social codes as their major theme. Their emphasis on female sexuality, their breaking of the boundaries between life and death and their shocking displays of immoral religious characters would all suggest that this is indeed the case.

However, it is also important to consider other major aspects of the genre that might be considered equally important in purpose, such as its fascination with the supernatural, its portrayal of artificial humanity and its satirical social attacks. Reread that paragraph.

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Does it tell you what the topic of the essay is? What the point is? What the essay plans to do? Now, without reading think about just the size of that paragraph. If a marker were to see an introduction that were any less than that they would automatically know, without even reading a word, that the topic was not going to be well introduced. That is not to suggest you simply fill up the paragraph, but that a certain amount of information in the introduction is expected.

It is worth pointing out that in a much longer essay an introduction does not need to be limited to a single paragraph. Generally, however, it will be.

What is an essay?

The second part of the essay is the body. This is the longest part of the essay.

Essay: Purposes, Types and Examples | Examples

In general, a short essay will have at least three full paragraphs; a long essay considerably more. Each paragraph is a point that you want to make that relates to the topic. Paragraphs, like the essay overall, also have an expected structure. You should start a new paragraph for each major new idea within your essay, to clearly show the examiner the structure of your argument. Every essay consists of three major writing sections. These are:. The introductory part states your main claim and provides the readers with some superficial data.

You should kindle the interest to your project. Make it catchy, informative, and intriguing. Provide facts, which emphasize the value and meaning of your research. Your introduction implements the thesis just at the end. The next stage is the main plot. It develops the thesis. After you make your claim, you ought to explain its importance. The main plot should separately disclose other questions too.

These are sub-questions, which are directly related to the main thesis.

They help to explain it. Of course, the questions must be supported by the adequate evidence. Find the approved informative sources. These may be surveys, statistics, graphics, and other examples. Read several samples beforehand. This makes your research more vivid and interesting. The defining essay section is called the conclusion. This part should be written in a form of a summary. Mention your main argument again. After that, state the outcomes of your study and interpret them.

Your clarifications should be plain for understanding. Use a simple language and the well-known terms and word combination.